In Jules Verne’s 1864 classic “Journey to the Center of the Earth,” Professor Lidenbrock and his nephew Axel begin their descent from the slopes of Snæfellsjökull, a volcano on the western tip of Iceland.
Today, scientists and engineers are once again exploring the earth deep beneath Iceland’s surface. But now their goal is not to find remnants of humankind’s lost ancestry but future sources of clean energy.
Iceland is in a unique geological position, sitting astride a rift between two tectonic plates. The region is a hotspot of geological activity, with numerous active volcanoes, geysers and hot springs.